Louisiana Remote Seller Commission Issues Second Information Bulletin – RSIB 18-002 – Addressing Definition of “Remote Seller” and Further Guidance to Remote Sellers

The Louisiana Sales and Use Tax Commission for Remote Sellers (the “Commission”) has now officially issued its second information bulletin – Remote Sellers Information Bulletin (“RSIB”) 18-002 – which provides a general definition for “remote sellers,” as well as further administrative guidance regarding current and future registration, collection, remittance, and reporting requirements for “remote sellers.”  The Commission issued this final version of the RSIB following lengthy Commission discussions over several weeks and multiple extensions regarding the timing of the Commission’s vote on the RSIB (with an ultimate 6-2 vote in favor of adoption).

A copy of RSIB 18-002 can be found here.

A few items to note regarding RSIB 18-002 are:

Remote Seller Definition

  • The RSIB provides a general definition of “remote seller” – i.e., those sellers who would be able to use a single, centralized return instead of being required to file returns separately in each local jurisdiction in Louisiana.
  • There is an important distinction in Louisiana between (1) the group of sellers/vendors who have statutory nexus with the State of Louisiana and are statutorily required to collect and remit Louisiana sales taxes because they meet the definition of a “dealer,” and (2) the smaller subgroup of those “dealers” (sellers with statutory nexus) who would also meet the separate definition of “remote seller” and would thus be allowed to utilize one centralized state and local sales tax return (instead of multiple local returns) for reporting purposes.
  • The RSIB provides that a “remote seller” means “a seller who sells for sale at retail, use, consumption, distribution, or for storage to be used for consumption or distribution any taxable tangible personal property, products transferred electronically, or services for delivery within Louisiana but does not have physical presence in Louisiana.”  According to the RSIB, “[i]f a seller has physical presence in Louisiana, the seller is considered a dealer as defined by LA R.S. 47:301(4) and subject to state and local collection and remittance requirements.”
  • The RSIB also includes two examples of “remote sellers.”  Based on the in-depth discussions at the Commission’s December 18, 2018 meeting, it is understood these examples are to be illustrative and not exhaustive.
  • The first example (Example 1) provides that “Company A sells tangible personal property for delivery to purchasers in Louisiana through only remote means through its Internet website, catalogs, telephone, television shopping channel, or other communication systems … [and] Company A has no physical stores, inventory, or salespersons in Louisiana.”
  • The second example (Example 2) provides:  “Company B sells tangible personal property for delivery to purchasers in Louisiana through only remote means through its Internet website, catalogs, telephone, television shopping channel, or other communication systems. Company B is an affiliate of Company C, but each company may sell different lines of products. Company C has retail stores located in Louisiana. An online purchase from Company B cannot be returned or exchanged in one of Company C’s stores in Louisiana. Company B is a remote seller but Company C is not a remote seller.”
  • Also, importantly, following much discussion and public comment, the Commission voted that the final issued version of the RSIB would not include an additional previously-drafted example of what was “not a remote seller,” because that additional example (if kept) would have inadvertently had the effect of precluding certain classes of sellers/taxpayers with “affiliate nexus” in the State from using a single, central return (be it the current Direct Marketer Return or the Commission’s forthcoming centralized return when completed).  Specifically, the final example (now removed) would have in effect seemingly excluded from the definition of “remote seller” a seller that had a separate affiliate entity with retail stores in Louisiana if an online purchase from the seller can be returned at the separate affiliate entity’s retail store location for a refund, credit, or gift card.  Louisiana sales tax law – La. R.S. 47:302(V) – currently allows these exact types of sellers to file the single, centralized Direct Marketer Return.  Rather than being allowed to use the single Direct Marketer Return (allowed now) or the Commission’s forthcoming single return (when completed), these excluded sellers would have been required to file directly with the State and every local jurisdiction in which they make sales (up to 63 additional separate parish returns per month, or 750+ additional parish returns per year).  The Commission ultimately decided to remove this additional draft example of a “non-remote seller” because the Commission did not want to narrow the class of sellers that could use some form of centralized return more than what is even allowed under current Louisiana law.  The Commission also did not want to inadvertently add even more complexity and higher undue burdens from a Commerce Clause perspective (as cautioned against by the U.S. Supreme Court recently in Wayfair).  The Commission also did not seem to want to inadvertently provide a more expansive view of “physical presence” than is even provided for under the current Louisiana sales tax jurisprudence in the prior BarnesAndNoble.com case.  The Court in BarnesAndNoble.com expressly held that those activities noted in the final example (now removed) did not amount to “physical presence” in Louisiana.  Based on the Commission’s meeting discussions, the goal of the Commission’s efforts with the definition of “remote seller” in the RSIB was for the “remote seller” status to be determined on an individual entity basis, without adding in additional “affiliate nexus” concepts.  The Jones Walker SALT Team had provided public comments to the Commission regarding this specific issue.

Current Voluntary Nature of These Collection and Remittance Provisions

  • The RSIB seeks to again clarify that the collection and remittance provisions in the RSIB are currently voluntary, and are not yet mandatory, as the implementing legislative Act – Act 5 of the 2018 Second Extraordinary Session – is not yet “applicable” and cannot be until additional legislative actions occur in the upcoming 2019 Regular Session of the Legislature.
  • The RSIB anticipates that the collection and remittance provisions will become mandatory at “a date to be determined sometime in 2019.”
  • Remote sellers can expect at least thirty days’ notice prior to the commencement of mandatory collection and remittance requirements.  Notice will be issued as provided by LA R.S. 47:302(W)(6) following further work of the Commission and the LDR.

Remote Sellers’ Collection and Remittance Requirements (and Information Reporting Requirements)

  • The RSIB provides that a remote seller with the requisite “economic nexus” – gross revenue for sales delivered into Louisiana in excess of $100,000 from sales or separate transactions of 200 or more sold for delivery into Louisiana – should voluntarily apply to begin filing a Direct Marketer Return with the Louisiana Department of Revenue (the “LDR”).  Upon approval, the remote seller could immediately begin voluntary collection of sales tax on its remote sales for delivery within Louisiana.
  • The Direct Marketer Return allows the seller to collect Louisiana state and local sales tax at a flat combined rate (currently 8.45%) and remit such tax on one, centralized monthly return.
  • Any remote seller who does not meet these aforementioned “economic nexus” thresholds, but who has cumulative annual gross receipts in excess of $50,000 per calendar (including those gross receipts of its affiliates) year must comply with Louisiana separate DMA-style information reporting requirements in La. R.S. 47:309.1 as a “remote retailer.”  For purposes of calculating these gross receipts, the seller and its affiliates must include all receipts from retail sales of tangible personal property or taxable services where the property is delivered into Louisiana or the beneficial use of the service occurs in Louisiana. The RSIB directs sellers to LDR Revenue Information Bulletin 18-006 for more information.  If the seller chooses to voluntarily collect and remit on its sales for delivery into Louisiana, the seller is relieved from the reporting requirements of La. R.S. 47:309.1 beginning on the date of collection.  However, the portion of the calendar year preceding the date of collection would remain subject to the State’s information reporting requirements.

Calculation of Applicable Economic Nexus Thresholds

  • The RSIB further explains the Commission’s understanding of the way in which a seller should calculate its sales and individual transactions when determining whether the seller has met the State’s “economic nexus” thresholds in La. R.S. 47:301(4)(m)(i) (i.e., (1) gross revenue for sales delivered into Louisiana in excess of $100,000 from sales, or (2) separate transactions of 200 or more sold for delivery into Louisiana).
  • According to the RSIB, to calculate the amount and quantity of sales, remote sellers should consider sales during the current calendar year and the immediately preceding calendar year. For example, if a remote seller sold $120,000 of tangible personal property in 1,000 separate transactions for delivery into Louisiana during 2018, the remote seller should voluntarily collect and remit sales tax in 2019.

Timeline of Registration

  • According to the RSIB, if a remote seller has not previously registered with the LDR, the remote seller should submit the Form R-1031A within thirty days of surpassing either of the “economic nexus” thresholds in La. R.S. 47:301(4)(m)(i).  Assuming the application is approved by LDR, the remote seller should commence collection of sales and use tax on sales for delivery into Louisiana no later than ninety days from the date the remote seller surpassed either of the thresholds of LA R.S. 47:301(4)(m)(i). If the application is not approved, the applicant should adhere to the instructions set forth in the notice from LDR.

A more detailed review and analysis regarding the Commission’s recent activities, discussions, and actions will be forthcoming in a separate blog post.

The Jones Walker SALT Team will also continue to closely follow – and report on – the future activities of the Commission and the Legislature (and any related developments) as they occur.

Jay Adams Completes CABL Leadership Louisiana Program

 

Congratulations to JW SALT partner Jay Adams for completing the Council for a Better Louisiana’s Leadership Louisiana Program! Over the course of 2018, Jay participated in leadership events alongside business professionals from all industries. He now joins 1,200 Leadership Louisiana alumni who are committed to the continued success of the state.

Tax Reform Update: Treasury, IRS: Making large gifts now won’t harm estates after 2025

On November 20, 2018, the IRS announced that individuals taking advantage of the increased gift and estate tax exclusion amounts in effect from 2018 to 2025 will not be adversely impacted after 2025 when the exclusion amount is scheduled to drop to pre-2018 levels.

The Treasury Department and the IRS issued proposed regulations which  implement changes made by the 2017 Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA).

For more information, click here to read the bulletin on IRS Newswire.

JW SALT Partners Quoted in Recent Publications

SALT Team partners Bill Backstrom, Andre Burvant, and Matt Mantle were quoted in numerous media outlets in October discussing the tax administration implications of the U.S. Supreme Court ruling in South Dakota v. Wayfair, allowing states to collect taxes on purchases from remote sellers. Bill was quoted in articles published by Law360 and State Tax Today following his presentation “Treasures in the Attic – Forgotten Favorites for Attacking Economic Nexus” at the Paul J. Hartman State and Local Tax Forum in Nashville on October 18, 2018.  Andre and Matt were quoted in the State Tax Today article “Louisiana Commission Debates ‘Remote Seller’ Definition,” commenting on the commission’s efforts to establish Louisiana’s sales tax compliance mechanism for remote sellers following Wayfair. Additionally, Matt was quoted in the Law360 articles “La. Ponders Uniformity As Remote Seller Target Date Looms” and “La. Commission Seeks Input Crafting Remote Seller Definition.”

SALT Team Member John Fletcher Supports the Jackson Metro Heart Walk

Thanks to everyone who has helped me move toward my goal of raising $5,000 to support the Jackson Metro Heart Walk. We have two weeks left to hit that goal and help Mississippi by supporting research and education for heart disease and stroke – two of the biggest health issues we have in our state. Anything you might be able to contribute to the cause is greatly appreciated and I hope you can join us on November 17 for the Heart Walk!

Thanks again for supporting the 2018 Heart Walk!

Thank you for attending!

Thank you for attending the 10th Annual State & Local Tax Seminar presented by Jones Walker LLP! We hope that you enjoyed the seminar and found the topics interesting, informative, and relevant.

We would like to thank Kimberly L. Robinson, Secretary of the Louisiana Department of RevenueMeg Bartlett, Associate Commissioner of the Mississippi Department of Revenue, and Karey Barton, Associate Deputy Comptroller for Tax of the Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts for being our luncheon speakers.

We sincerely appreciate your attendance and the opportunity to assist you in your legal needs. If there are other specific issues that would be of interest to you in 2019, please let us know!

Best,

The Jones Walker SALT Team

Cooking with SALT Goes Back to the Future

Great Scott! The Jones Walker LLP State & Local Tax team is back with a day-long program on October 10, 2018, titled Cooking with SALT Goes Back to the Future! In honor of the 10th anniversary of the Cooking with SALT seminar, our SALT scientists travel back in time to provide some old twists to fresh topics. Morning classes begin with a lesson in Louisiana state and local procedure taught by two docs too hip to be square. Then…you know that new sound you’re looking for? Well, listen to this! – A riff of legislative and administrative updates. Next, we provide the scientific formula to add the perfect amount of SALT to your contract documents. Lunch is then served in the principal’s office with a round table discussion featuring some principals of state tax administration for Louisiana, Mississippi, and Texas.

  • Kimberly Robinson, Secretary, Louisiana Department of Revenue
  • Meg Bartlett, Associate Commissioner, Mississippi Department of Revenue
  • Karey Barton, Associate Deputy Comptroller for Tax, Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

These principals will provide the administrative prospective on recent tax developments to ensure you’re not left stranded in the near future.

View the full brochure.

When: Wednesday, October 10, 2018 | 8:00 AM–5:30 PM

Where: Hilton Americas-Houston | 1600 Lamar St | Houston, TX 77010

Fee: $150 per registrant
Company group rate: $150 for first registrant, $100 for each subsequent registrant

To register: Contact Courtney Farley at cfarley@joneswalker.com

Jones Walker SALT Team Members to Present at 25th Annual Paul J. Hartman State and Local Tax Forum

Jones Walker SALT Team members Bill Backstrom and John Fletcher will present at the 25th Annual Paul J. Hartman State & Local Tax Forum October 17-19, 2018 in Nashville, TN.

The Professor Paul J. Hartman State and Local Tax (SALT) Forum, sponsored in conjunction with the Vanderbilt University Law School, provides industry, practitioners and state revenue employees the opportunity to participate in a quality forum exploring significant national developments and trends in state and local taxation. The Forum welcomes your participation. Please click here to register for the forum.

Bill will speak on a panel focusing on ‘Forgotten Favorites for Attacking Economic Nexus.’ With economic nexus spreading throughout the states, it is time to dust off some classic arguments to fight back against the long arm of Johnny Law. This panel will examine well-worn concepts like due process, doing business, and the safe harbor provided by P.L. 86-272 and discuss how those protections can be used to defend against a state’s attempt to impose tax under its economic nexus provisions.

John’s panel will focus on ‘Best Practices in SUT Audits.’ Even though no company wants to be audited, SUT audits are an unavoidable part of doing business. This presentation will help taxpayers, government auditors, and practitioners avoid, deal with, and resolve audit issues at all stages of the audit.

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